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Population 1,685,945 (2001[update])
Sex ratio 921 ♂/♀
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
• Elevation
• 264 m (866 ft)
• Pincode • 134001
• Telephone • +0171
• Vehicle • HR-01-

Ambala (Hindi: अम्बाला, Punjabi: ਅੰਬਾਲਾ) is a city and a municipal council in Ambala district in the state of Haryana, India. The city is located on the border of the states of Haryana and Punjab in India. Politically; Ambala has two sub-areas: Ambala Cantt (cantonment) and Ambala City, a approximately 10-12 kilometers apart from each other. It has a large Indian Army and Indian Air Force presence within the confines of its cantonment area. Due to its geographical location, the Ambala district plays an important role in local tourism. Tourists to Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Chandigarh and Jammu & Kashmir have to cross through Ambala whether by road or rail.[citation needed]

* 1 History
o 1.1 Origins of the name
* 2 Ambala at a glance
* 3 Transport
* 4 Geography
* 5 Education
* 6 Market
* 7 Places of interest
* 8 District administration
* 9 Demographics
* 10 References

[edit] History

As per ancient Indian history, Aryan people had resided at Ambala at some point in time. There was a very popular place called Sarudhna near Ambala, which was the Aryan country's capital at that time. Ambala was given the status of a district in the year 1847.

The Ambala Cantonment was established in the year 1843 after the British abandoned its cantonment at Karnal, following the malaria epidemic of 1841-42. The cantonment houses the ‘2 Corps’ one of the three Strike Corps of the Indian Army and is of immense strategic importance.
Grand Trunk Road, at Ambala Cantonment, during British Raj

Ambala was constituted as a district in the year 1847, and was formed by merging the jagir estates of hitherto independent chieftains whose territories had lapsed or had been confiscated by the British Indian Government. In its 160 years of existence as a district, Ambala has witnessed many changes in its boundaries. In its heyday the district boundaries extended across tehsils of Ambala, Naraingarh, Jagadhri, Pipli, Kharar, Mohali, Ropar and Nalagarh. Kalka-cum-Kurari State, Pinjore, Manimajra, Kasauli & Sanawar were also merged into the district at different points of time.

Ambala Air Force Base is one of the oldest and largest airbases that were inherited from the British by the IAF. It was from this airbase that Spitfires and Harvards flown by Instructors of the Advanced Flying Training School took part in the 1947-48 Kashmir Operations. Subsequently, Ambala was the front line airfield for many years. It was home to various aircraft that were inducted into the Indian Air Force. Vampires, Ouragans, Hunters, etc. all flew from this base. The airbase was briefly attacked in 1965 by Pakistan Air Force's B-57 bombers. Today, the Airbase houses the ‘7 Wing’ with squadrons of Jaguars and MiG-21 Bisons. Ambala airfield has a war memorial called 'Frozen Tear' dedicated to all aircrew who lost their lives in times of war and peace flying missions from the airfield.
[edit] Origins of the name

There are quite a few interesting beliefs about the origin of Ambala:

* Some historians believe Ambala owes its name to King Singh; the founder of Ambala who was an Amb Rajput
* Some believe that it was named after the goddess "Amba" whose temple is located in the city
* Ambala was originally called "Ambwala", Amb meaning mango in the native language (so, city of Mangoes)
* Some people believe that Ambala got its name from Ambalika, mother of Pandu(father of Pandvas of the Mahabharat),with ancient times names of villages n town were kept on Kings n Queens.

[edit] Ambala at a glance

Today's Ambala District with an area of 1568.85 km² is a pale shadow of its original immense size.

The Ambala District now comprises Three subdivisions (Ambala, Barara & Naraingarh) and three tehsils (Ambala, Barara & Naraingarh). It has a population of 16 Lakhs, which is about 5% of the total population of Haryana. It is bound by Mohali and Patiala districts of Punjab, Sirmaur District of Himachal and Yamunanagar & Kurukshetra districts of Haryana. Ambala district is represented by 4 Assembly Constituencies(Ambala city, Ambala cantt., Naraingarh & Mullana and 1 Lok Sabha(Ambala) Constituency. Naggal Constituency removed after parisiman 2007

[edit] Transport:

The district is very strategically located and serves as a gateway to Haryana for States of Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, J&K, and U.T. Chandigarh. 5 National Highways (NH 1, 22, 65, 72 and 73) pass through Ambala. NH1 (Delhi-Amritsar-Attari/ Pakistan Border) is the most important highway to Delhi for the areas north of Haryana. NH22 starts from Ambala and links NH1 to Shimla and beyond right up to China border at Shipkila. NH65 also starts at Ambala and links NH1 to Hissar and onwards to Jodhpur & Pali in Rajasthan.

Ambala Cantt Railway Station

Ambala is a divisional headquarters of the Northern Railway Zone and is an important railway junction. The Ambala Cantonment railway station was founded on the junction of the Delhi-Kalka and Ludhiana-Saharanpur lines. The historic Delhi-Ambala-Kalka railway line dates back to 1889 while the Ludhiana-Saharanpur line was built in 1870. Situated 200 km north of Delhi, this town is extremely well connected by the rail and road network. Ambala is a major railway junction.It has 12 railway platforms and a daily passage of about 250 trains.It also best rest stay for north India's tourist. G.T. Road (NH-1, National Highway 1) passes through Ambala Cantt and Ambala City.

[edit] Geography

Ambala is located at 30°23′N 76°47′E / 30.38°N 76.78°E / 30.38; 76.78.[1] It has an average elevation of 264 metres (866 feet).

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